The area of the Emirate of Sharjah is about 2590 square kilometers, equivalent to 3.3 % of the total area of the country, without counting its islands. Its total population is 793,573 people according to the census of December 2005. The City of Sharjah is the capital of the Emirate of Sharjah. It is located on the Arabian Gulf and is the residence of His Highness Sheikh Sultan Bin Mohammed Al Qassimi, the Ruler. It also hosts all the government departments, companies, banks, and hotels.
The city and its markets and commercial buildings are designed on the Islamic model. There are also many entertainment areas, such as Al Qasba Canal, the Park Island and the Corniche of Khalid Lake. The city has, in particular, a very large number of mosques.
Sharjah International Airport and Port Khalid are some of the important places in Sharjah. There are some oases in Sharjah; one of which is AL Dhaid, with its fertile land and a lot of farms, that produce large quantities of vegetables and agricultural products. The Eastern region of Sharjah lies on the Gulf of Oman, including Khor Fakkan, which is one of the most important cities, with its important seaport, as well as the islands of Abu Musa and Seer Bu Naeer.
The cultural and educational monuments give the Emirate of Sharjah its true image of a modern city, which is nevertheless holding its culture and traditions. The historical Museums, heritage locations, and archaeological sites are evidence of the influence of that era on the modern life of Sharjah. Sharjah was chosen by The UNESCO as the Capital of the Arab Culture for the year 1998, as a result of the tireless efforts of His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qassimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah, which made Sharjah the capital of culture on the Gulf and Arab levels. Sharjah is the home of global Nature Museums, including the Museum of Fine Arts, which contains a rare selection of historical artifacts of a significant importance to the history of the United Arab Emirates.
The unique strategic location of Sharjah in the center of the UAE helped in achieving prosperity in the International Navigation Traffic through the past 65 years. the Emirate of Sharjah stretches on the shores of the Gulf of Oman, covering vast areas of valleys and mountains. The city of Sharjah is surrounded by many hotels overlooking the beaches and Khalid Lake, supported by a number of restaurants, gardens, and parks.